Taping is commonly used as an adjunct to manual therapy. Tapping is used to treat acute and chronic musculoskeletal conditions e.g. joint instability, as a means of rehabilitation or prophylaxis in instances where support or stability are needed and to protect an injured structure while healing is taking place.
There are various taping techniques which serve their specific purpose. The most common form of taping is rigid taping which is primarily utilised to prevent or reduced likelihood of injury. The application typically begins with some under-wrap to reduced skin irritation followed by rigid tape over the under wrap on the area of concern. Each joint has its own taping protocol. The intention is to keep the area of concern in a stable and specific position while allowing the individual to participate in their activity of choice.
Another form of taping that has gained popularity is Kinesio taping. We commonly see this taping technique utilised in basketball, tennis, athletics and rugby. Kinesio tape is designed to mimic the elasticity of the skin and is intended lift the skin in an attempt to promote lymphatic drainage which may help with a reduction in pain.
Mulligan taping which is another form of rigid taping and McConnell taping more specific to the knee are also commonly utilised taping techniques in the clinical and sporting setting to help stabilise and improve joint positioning in an attempt to normalise movement and decrease pain.